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Linear Optimal Estimation for Discrete-time and Continuous-time Systems with Multiple Measurement Delays

Na-Na Jin, Shuai Liu*, and Huan-Shui Zhang
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 19, no. 3, pp.1194-1204, 2021

Abstract : In this paper, we investigate the linear optimal estimation problems of discrete-time and continuous-time systems with multiple state delays in measurements. For discrete-time systems, we obtain the linear optimal estimation of state by direct calculation of optimal gain in terms of the solution to a retarded Riccati-like difference equation instead of a group of Riccati difference equations. For continuous-time systems, we also obtain the analytical expression of linear optimal estimation without resorting to Riccati partial differential equations. All the Riccati equations are of the same dimension as the system to be estimated and the computational cost is much saved. Infinite horizon case is also studied by stability analysis. Kalman filter can be recovered from our result when delays disappear. A numerical example is provided to demonstrate the results.

Keyword : Linear optimal estimation, multiple delay systems, Riccati difference equation, Riccati differential equation.

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