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A Singularity-free Steering Law of Roof Array of Control Moment Gyros for Agile Spacecraft Maneuver

Henzeh Leeghim, Chang-Yull Lee, Jaehyun Jin, and Donghoon Kim*
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 18, no. 7, pp.1679-1690, 2020

Abstract : In this paper, a singularity-free steering law for single gimbal control moment gyros (CMGs) is addressed for agile spacecraft. The geometrical array considered particularly in this work is a roof array due to the simplicity of singularity envelope. A feasible angular momentum chart which can provide a singularity-free bound is employed. The chart allows a guaranteed maximum torque output and angular momentum at any time without concerning the geometrical singularity of the array. Furthermore, a new deterministic allocation algorithm, called half-leading steering logic, of gimbal angular rates, is also suggested instead of the well-known pseudo-inverse technique to meet control torque commands required and to keep away from the singularity. It is noted that a momentum vector recovery to the initial direction is also an important task for the CMG array to overcome the singularity and for the reliable operation of CMGs. An optimization technique is addressed to restore the gimbal vectors back to their original angular position after the attitude reorientation mission. The techniques proposed are demonstrated using illustrative numerical simulations.

Keyword : Agile spacecraft, control moment gyros, roof array, singularity-free steering law

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