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PSO-based Minimum-time Motion Planning for Multiple Vehicles Under Acceleration and Velocity Limitations

Anugrah K. Pamosoaji, Mingxu Piao, and Keum-Shik Hong*
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 17, no. 10, pp.2610-2623, 2019

Abstract : This paper discusses a particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based motion-planning algorithm in a multiple-vehicle system that minimizes the traveling time of the slowest vehicle by considering, as constraints, the radial and tangential accelerations and maximum linear velocities of all vehicles. A class of continuous-curvature three-degree Bezier curves are selected as the basic shape of the vehicle trajectories to minimize the number of parameters required to express them mathematically. In addition, velocity profile generation using the local minimum of the radial-accelerated linear velocity profile, which reduces the calculation effort, is introduced. A new PSO-based search algorithm, called “particle-group-based PSO,” is introduced to find the best combination of trajectories that minimizes the traveling time of the slowest vehicle. A particle group is designed to wrap up a set of particles representing each vehicle. The first and last two control points characterizing a curve are used as the state vector of a particle. Simulation results demonstrating the performance of the proposed method are presented. The main advantage of the proposed method is its minimization of the velocity-profile-generation time, and thereby, its maximization of the search time.

Keyword : Bezier curves, motion planning, multiple-vehicle systems, particle swarm optimization.

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