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Visual Servoing Based on Efficient Histogram Information

Hajer Abidi*, Mohamed Chtourou, Khaled Kaaniche, and Hassen Mekki
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 15, no. 4, pp.1746-1753, 2017

Abstract : "The robustness of a visual servoing task depends mainly on the efficiency of visual selections captured from a sensor at each robot’s position. A task function could be described as a regulation of the values sent via the control law to the camera velocities. In this paper we propose a new approach that does not depend on matching and tracking results. Thus, we replaced the classical minimization cost by a new function based on probability distributions and Bhattacharyya distance. To guarantee more robustness, the information related to the observed images was expressed using a combination of orientation selections. The new visual selections are computed by referring to the disposition of Histograms of Oriented Gradients (HOG) bins. For each bin we assign a random variable representing gradient vectors in a particular direction. The new entries will not be used to establish equations of visual motion but they will be directly inserted into the control loop. A new formulation of the interaction matrix has been presented according to the optical flow constraint and using an interpolation function which leads to a more efficient control behaviour and to more positioning accuracy. Experiments demonstrate the robustness of the proposed approach with respect to varying work space conditions."

Keyword : Global features, histogram of oriented gradients, mobile robot, visual servoing.

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