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Fast and Accurate Analyses of Spacecraft Dynamics Using Implicit Time Integration Techniques

Chang-Joo Kim, Do Hyeon Lee, Sung Wook Hur and Sangkyung Sung*
International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems, vol. 14, no. 2, pp.524-539, 2016

Abstract : This paper deals with the implementation techniques of an implicit integrator to achieve fast and accurate analyses of spacecraft dynamics. For this purpose, the pseudospectral method is adopted to directly integrate the second-order system of equations for both the spacecraft dynamics and corresponding state transition matrix. Various implementation techniques are proposed to enhance the numerical efficiency and integration accuracy, which include a moving horizon approach, the decoupled integration of the second-order dynamics for the state transition matrix, and the grid adaptation method. The numerical features of the proposed techniques are investigated through their applications to a spacecraft’s motion around highly eccentric elliptic orbits, and the resultant numerical errors and computing times are compared with those from the Runge-Kutta method to show the relative efficiency and accuracy of the presented methods. In addition, an optimal two-impulse orbit transfer from the Earth to the Moon is analyzed by implementing the proposed methods using a multiple-shooting framework. The results show that the proposed techniques are extremely effective for dynamical problems requiring intensive and accurate

Keyword : Implicit integrator, pseudospectral, runge-Kutta integrator, spacecraft dynamics.

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